Stinging Nettle Leaf (Urtica urens, dioica)

Indications Allergic rhinitis, musculoskeletal disease such as osteoarthritis, urinary tract infections and inflammation, kidney stones, anemia, diabetes, thyroid disease, and other endocrine disorders. Also, a source of vitamins A, C, and K; potassium; phosphorus; and calcium. Mechanism of Action Flavonoids in Urtica dioica have demonstrated anti-inflammatory1 and antioxidant effects,2 particularly…

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis 2)

Indications Hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroid-like symptoms including anxiety and insomnia, and Grave’s disease. Mechanism of Action When thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) binds to the outer membrane of thyroid cells, it triggers a cAMP response on the inside of the cell via adenylate cyclase enzyme activation. Melissa extracts interfere with the binding of…

Bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus)

Indications Hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroid-like symptoms including heart palpitations, tachycardia, chest tightness, tremor, and anxiety. Mechanism of Action Lycopus contains rosmarinic acid, a phenolic compound derived from caffeic acid and found in several other Lamiaceae plants, all indicated historically for the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Rosmarinic acid, and the related lithospermic and…

Oarweed (Laminaria digitate)

Related Species The Phseophyceae (brown algae) are a large class of mostly marine multicellular algae that include many dietary and medicinal seaweeds, including kombu (Saccharina japonica), Fucus vesiculosis, and others. Indications Used as an iodine source for hypothyroidism with goiter attributable to iodine and other mineral deficiencies, hyperlipidemia, and obesity.…

Blue Flag (Iris versicolor)

Indications Goiter (may be administered both topically and internally), sluggish metabolic function, detoxification (especially the thyroid gland), promote movement of sluggish body fluids including saliva, lymph, bile, and digestive secretions. Mechanism of Action Iris contains iridin, an isoflavone. Iridin is the 7-glycoside of irigenin that can be isolated from several…

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