Intermittent fasting (IF) has been shown to confer several physiological benefits, such as improved glucose regulation, stress resilience, suppression of inflammation, and in relation to cancer, tumor growth inhibition. These benefits can be accomplished through several mechanisms, such as induction of autophagy, mitophagy, autophagic cell death, and changes in the cellular metabolic environment. The nutritional restriction is a promising protocol to modulate autophagy and enhance the efficacy of anticancer therapies while protecting normal cells. IF may offer cancer patients an effective and less toxic adjuvant treatment for cancer. In addition, IF has shown benefits when combined with the use of chemotherapeutic drugs resulting in a decrease in side effects and an increase in the effectiveness of the drugs. This article discusses the evidence in support of dietary restriction, specifically IF, as a tool that may provide physiological and epigenetic benefits in the management of cancer.
On the Fundamental Efficacy of Thyroid Hormone Therapy in Eating Disorders: Review of Mechanisms and Case Study
This case study demonstrates the ability of thyroid-hormone therapy to help resolve eating disorders by fundamentally addressing motility, hunger, eating patterns, and hormone-associated psychological disturbance.
This review will discuss the evidence regarding how various environmental risk factors, such as infections agents and physical trauma, can lead to neuropathological changes by disrupting autophagy in ALS and potential treatment options in the management of each environmental factor previously discussed.