During the past 12 months, have you had a lot of stress, a moderate amount, or little or no stress?
How much has that stress affected your health?
Perseverative cognition: Constant thought about negative events in the past or in the future. Like Sapolsky, Brosschot argues that only humans possess the brain capacity to re-create representations from the past and to create potential representations of the future, both giving rise to anxious worrying. This perseverative cognition leads to increased physiological activity of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems.
Unconscious stress: Humans are not consciously aware of most of the brain’s activity, which enables the body to physiologically react to stress without conscious awareness of a stress response taking place.
Stress as a default response when safety is not perceived: This stress response needs no stressor at all; it is simply always “on” and stays on in the absence of obvious safety. It turns off when situations and surroundings are perceived as “safe” and turns back on again if the perception of safety disappears.4
WHAT IS STRESS AND HOW DO HUMANS RESPOND TO IT?
Cortisol is released in a diurnal rhythm throughout the day, with levels being highest 30 min after awakening (cortisol awakening response).
The stress response is activated as an adaptive response to any threat or stressor in order to regain homeostasis and improve chances of survival.
WHAT IS MINDFULNESS AND CAN IT HELP IN MANAGING STRESS?
CAN TECHNOLOGY BE A TOOL FOR MINDFULNESS?
Does the perception that stress affects health matter? The association with health and mortality
Ever at the ready for that never happen
Generalized unsafety theory of stress: unsafe environments and conditions, and the default stress response
Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK278995/
Psychology: Themes and Variations
A new view on hypocortisolism
A day-centered approach to modeling cortisol: diurnal cortisol profiles and their associations among U.S. adults
Burnout and cortisol: evidence for a lower cortisol awakening response in both clinical and non-clinical burnout
Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK242456/
Mindfulness mediates the physiological markers of stress: systematic review and meta-analysis
Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review
Using mindfulness to reduce the perception of stress during an acute stressful situation
Mindfulness meditation for chronic pain: systematic review and meta-analysis
Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: a review of empirical studies
An empirical study of the mechanisms of mindfulness in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program
The role of mindfulness in positive reappraisal
NIH has spent $100.2 million on mindfulness meditation
The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis
Efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in prevention of depressive relapse: an individual patient data meta-analysis from randomized trials
Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis
The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review
Mindfulness interventions in the workplace: a critique of the current state of the literature
Mindfulness-based interventions reduce psychological distress in working adults: a meta-analysis of intervention studies
Mindfulness on-the-go: effects of a mindfulness meditation app on work stress and well-being
Improvements in stress, affect, and irritability following brief use of a mindfulness-based smartphone app: a randomised controlled trial
Physiological concomitants of perseverative cognition: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Assessing the economic impact of stress – the modern day hidden epidemic
https://mindhearteu.files.wordpress.com/...dy1.pdf Accessed June 13
Problematic smartphone use: a conceptual overview and systematic review of relations with anxiety and depression psychopathology