Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosis)

Indications Goiter and thyroid disease (including hypo- and hyperthyroid states), obesity, and cancer. Mechanism of Action Fucus has a high halide mineral content, including iodine, which has good bioavailability,1 and selenium, which is of central importance in regulation of the thyroid gland.2 The presence of iodine and specific selenoproteins implicated…

Guggul (Commiphora mukul)

Related Species Commiphora molmol & Commiphora madagascariensis – myrrh (oleo gum resin) Commiphora abyssinica & Commiphora habessinica – Abyssinian myrrh Indications Thyroid conditions such as hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s and Wilson’s Temperature Syndrome. Inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, hypercholesterolemia with lipid peroxidation and atherosclerosis. Mechanism of Action Guggul seems…

The Role of Iodine Deficiency and Subsequent Repletion in Autoimmune Thyroid Disease and Thyroid Cancer

Iodine is an essential trace mineral that is necessary for thyroid hormone production. With the prevalence of iodine deficiency worldwide, universal salt iodization programs were successfully implemented to reduce the incidence of iodine deficiency disorders; however, unexpected increases in the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity occurred, and iodine excess was implicated as the causative factor. Despite these observations, epidemiological studies are inconsistent, and the etiology of autoimmune thyroid disease remains undefined. A review of observational and in vitro studies revealed that iodine alone is not responsible for thyroid autoimmunity.

Thyroid Hormones and their Thermogenic Properties

Obesity is a major issue in developed countries. Regulating thyroid hormones is a growingly popular adjunct in a comprehensive approach towards weight loss. Despite growing popularity, there is a lack of knowledge about underlying pathways. This review investigates the thermogenic properties of thyroid hormone on brown adipose tissue (BAT), white…

The Role of Selenium in Thyroid Autoimmunity: A Review

Abstract Autoimmune thyroid diseases, including Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, are the most common autoimmune conditions in humans. There is significant morbidity associated with thyroid autoimmunity, and typically ongoing management is required to control disease presentation and reduce sequelae. Thyroid tissues contain the highest concentration of selenium in the body,…

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